面包与自由
The Conquest of Bread

  • 作   者:

    克鲁泡特金
    Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

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  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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本书的译者是大家非常熟悉的巴金。巴金何故名为“巴金”,一种说法就是取自“巴枯宁”与“克鲁泡特金”这两位无政府主义大师,而此本译作也是巴金在1940年推出的。半个世纪过去了,从近代史料的只言片语中我们能瞥见克鲁泡特金那巨大的影响力,不独巴金,青年时代的毛泽东也是沉迷于克鲁泡特金而不能自拔。毛泽东曾自述其“五四”时期读过一些宣传无政府主义的小册子,坦承“我赞同许多无政府主义的主张”。毛泽东与巴金不是特例,在那个思想碰撞的激荡年代,到底有多少“毛泽东”,有多少“巴金”。而克鲁泡特金的思想学说又如何改变中国?我们的如今的时代又有多少是克鲁泡特金的遗产?

In this work, Kropotkin points out what he considers to be the defects of the economic systems of feudalism and capitalism, and how he believes they thrive on and maintain poverty and scarcity, as symbol for richness and in spite of being in a time of abundance thanks to technology, while promoting privilege. He goes on to propose a more decentralised economic system based on mutual aid and voluntary cooperation, asserting that the tendencies for this kind of organisation already exist, both in evolution and in human society. He also talks about details of revolution and expropriation in order not to end in a reactionary way.

本书从政治、经济的角度,批判了现实社会制度,对代议制、法律、强权等进行了分析与抨击,同时提出无政府共产主义的经济与政治主张——若废除私有制,实行共产共有、经济平等,消灭国家,取消政府,废除法律等。“面包”与“自由”的综合表现就是克鲁泡特金的理想的无政府共产主义社会。

The Conquest of Bread (French: La Conquête du Pain; Russian: Хлеб и воля) is a book by the anarchist communist Peter Kropotkin. Originally written in French, it first appeared as a series of articles in the anarchist journals Le Révolté and La Révolte (both edited by Kropotkin). It was first published as a book in Paris in 1892 with a preface by Élisée Reclus, who also suggested the title. Between 1892 and 1894 it was serialised, in part, in the London journal Freedom, of which Kropotkin was a co-founder. It has been translated and reprinted numerous times: it was translated into Norwegian already in 1898, and in Japanese, for example, by Kotoku Shusui in 1909. It has been reprinted by Elephant Editions (1985), Cambridge University Press (1995), Vanguard Press (1995), Freedom Press, AK Press (2007), and BiblioBazaar (2008).

彼得·阿历克塞维奇·克鲁泡特金,俄国地理学家、无政府主义运动的最高精神领袖和理论家,其父为世袭亲王。本人在西伯利亚任军官时,业余从事地理考察和动物研究,修正了东亚地图,丰富了冰河时期亚洲冰河作用的知识。但对于政治的关切改变了这位潜在科学家的道路。因主张废除一切形式的政府和从事反沙皇活动而被捕。在越狱逃逸后长期旅居瑞士、法、英。十月革命前回国,原以为工农自发组成的苏维埃可以在没有国家权力的干预下使人类获得彻底解放,但十月革命后的无产阶级专政,使其幻想破灭。从此致力于伦理史写作,把美好理想寄托在对青少年的教育上。一生公正无私,胸怀坦率。深受追求崇高社会理想人们的敬佩。罗曼·罗兰以著名的格言对他作出评价:“托尔斯泰追求的理想,被他在生活中实践了。”最主要的著作有《一个革命者的回忆录》、《互助论》等。

The Conquest of Bread (French: La Conquête du Pain; Russian: Хлеб и воля) is a book by the anarchist communist Peter Kropotkin. Originally written in French, it first appeared as a series of articles in the anarchist journals Le Révolté and La Révolte (both edited by Kropotkin). It was first published as a book in Paris in 1892 with a preface by élisée Reclus, who also suggested the title. Between 1892 and 1894 it was serialised, in part, in the London journal Freedom, of which Kropotkin was a co-founder. It has been translated and reprinted numerous times: it was translated into Norwegian already in 1898, and in Japanese, for example, by Kotoku Shusui in 1909. It has been reprinted by Elephant Editions (1985), Cambridge University Press (1995), Vanguard Press (1995), Freedom Press, AK Press (2007), and BiblioBazaar (2008).

  • PREFACE
  • CHAPTER I OUR RICHES
  • CHAPTER II WELL-BEING FOR ALL
  • CHAPTER III ANARCHIST COMMUNISM
  • CHAPTER IV EXPROPRIATION
  • CHAPTER V FOOD
  • CHAPTER VI DWELLINGS
  • CHAPTER VII CLOTHING
  • CHAPTER VIII WAYS AND MEANS
  • CHAPTER IX THE NEED FOR LUXURY
  • CHAPTER X AGREEABLE WORK
  • CHAPTER XI FREE AGREEMENT
  • CHAPTER XII OBJECTIONS
  • CHAPTER XIII THE COLLECTIVIST WAGES SYSTEM
  • CHAPTER XIV CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION
  • CHAPTER XV THE DIVISION OF LABOUR
  • CHAPTER XVI THE DECENTRALIZATION OF INDUSTRY
  • CHAPTER XVII AGRICULTURE
    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…