社会契约论
The Social Contract & Discourses

  • 作   者:

    让-雅克·卢梭
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 版   本:

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥2.90

  • 10(2人评过)
  •   评论(1)
  •   读后感(0)

《社会契约论》中的“主权在民”一说划分了一个时代。它第一次提出了“天赋人权和主权在民”的思想。虽然它刚一问世就遭到了禁止,卢梭本人也被迫流亡到英国,但《社会契约论》所提倡的民主理论却很快风靡全世界。它引发了震惊世界的法国大革命。法国国家格言“自由、平等、博爱”便来自《社会契约论》。1789年法国国民代表大会通过的《人权宣言》中“社会的目的是为大众谋福利的”、“统治权属于人民”等内容充分体现了《社会契约论》的精神。《社会契约论》还对美国的《独立宣言》产生了重要影响,从罗伯斯庇尔到列宁都曾用《社会契约论》为自己的政权做解释。本书是世界政治法律学说史上最重要的经典之一,是震撼世界的1789年法国大革命的号角和福音书。它阐述的许多原则原理不仅在革命之初被载入法国《人权宣言》等重要文献中,在革命后的长时期里成为资产阶级的政治法律制度的基石。

The Social Contract is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). It helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate; as Rousseau asserts, only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.

《社会契约论》是卢梭最为深刻和成熟的政治理论著作,是世界政治学说史上最著名的经典文献之一。这本书提出的天赋人权、自由平等和人民主权的思想,宣扬了自由、平等、博爱,是世界政治法律学说史上最重要的经典之一,是震撼世界的1789年法国大革命的号角和福音书。它阐述的许多原则原理不仅在革命之初被载入法国《人权宣言》等重要文献中,在革命后的长时期里成为资产阶级的政治法律制度的基石。

The stated aim of the Social Contract is to determine whether there can be a legitimate political authority, since people's interactions he saw at his time seemed to put them in a state far worse than the good one they were at the state of nature, even though living in isolation.

In this desired social contract, everyone will be free because they all forfeit the same amount of rights and impose the same duties on all. Rousseau argues that it is illogical for a man to surrender his freedom for slavery; thus, the participants must have a right to choose the laws under which they live. Although the contract imposes new laws, including those safeguarding and regulating property, a person can exit it at any time (except in a time of need, for this is desertion), and is again as free as when he was born.

让-雅克·卢梭 (Jean-Jacques Rousseau,1712年~1778年),法国十八世纪伟大的启蒙思想家、哲学家、教育家、文学家,是18世纪法国大革命的思想先驱,杰出的民主政论家和浪漫主义文学流派的开创者,启蒙运动最卓越的代表人物之一;与伏尔泰、孟德斯鸠合称“法兰西启蒙运动三剑侠”。

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophers among members of the Jacobin Club. Rousseau was interred as a national hero in the Panthéon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death.

  • FOREWARD
  • BOOK I
  • BOOK II
  • BOOK III
  • BOOK IV
    暂时还没有读后感,等待第一篇…